Xi Jinping: Solidarity and Cooperation isthe Most Powerful Weapon for the International Community to Defeat COVID-19
2020/04/28

I. Virus respects no borders and makes no distinction between races. Mankind is a community with a shared future and a common stake. Only with solidarity, coordination and cooperation can the international community defeat COVID-19.

As I often say, mankind is a community with a shared future. To prevail over a disease that threatens all, unity and cooperation is the most powerful weapon. The Foundation has been quick in joining the global action and has played an active role in the global response against the outbreak. I support your cooperation with relevant Chinese institutions, and look forward to enhanced coordination and concerted efforts in the international community for the sake of health and well-being of all.

— From a reply letter to Bill Gates on 20 February 2020

Public health security is a common challenge facing humanity, and it calls for a joint response from all countries. We should stay in close communication with the WHO, share our COVID-19 control practices with other countries, pursue closer international cooperation on medicine and vaccine development, and provide assistance within our capabilities 2 to other countries and regions that are affected by the spread of the virus. In short, we should play our due role as a responsible major country.

—Remarks at a meeting on taking coordinated steps to fight the COVID-19 and ensure economic and social development on 23 February 2020

COVID-19 is a fresh reminder that we mankind share a common stake. Major emergencies like COVID-19 will not be the last one in an era of economic globalization. And mankind will continue to be tested by various traditional and non-traditional security challenges. The international community thus should recognize that mankind has a shared destiny and future, come together and make a collective response to global challenges. We must make the planet – our only home – a better place for all.

—Speaking with UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on the phone on 12 March 2020

Mankind, as a community with a shared future, can only counter global risks and challenges through solidarity and coordination. Working hand in hand, China, Italy and the rest of the international community will be able to tide over the difficulties, defeat the virus at an early date, and protect the health and safety of the Chinese, the Italian and other people around the world.

—Message of sympathy over the COVID-19 situation to Italian President Sergio Mattarella in March 2020

The recent COVID-19 outbreak in many countries has proven once again that mankind is a community with a shared future and that countries should work together and make a collective response to COVID-19. Bearing in mind the vision of a community with a shared future for mankind, China will work with the rest of the international community to enhance COVID-19 control cooperation, confront common threats and challenges, and safeguard global public health security.

—Speaking with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi on the phone on 23 March 2020

Viruses know no borders and do not distinguish between races. This global public health emergency fully demonstrates the urgency and importance of building a community with a shared future for mankind. Only with solidarity and cooperation can the international community prevail over COVID-19 and protect our common home. China will work with Kazakhstan and other countries to strengthen international cooperation against COVID-19 and safeguard global public health security.

—Speaking with Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev on the phone on 24 March 2020

Viruses know no borders and present a common challenge to mankind. No country can shield itself from its impact. China stands together with Germany and Europe in this fight. Together, we have demonstrated to the world that solidarity and cooperation can create a positive momentum.

—Speaking with German Chancellor Angela Merkel on the phone on 25 March 2020

COVID-19 once again reminds us that humanity is a community with a shared future. It is imperative for the international community to act in solidarity to triumph over COVID-19. China will continue to work with the WHO and other countries and play our part to uphold global public health security.

—Reply letter to WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus on 26 March 2020

Contagious diseases are the common enemy of mankind and recognize no borders or races. To win the fight against them, the international community must come together. Thanks to the joint efforts of the parties, the Extraordinary G20 Leaders’ Summit yesterday produced extensive consensus and positive outcomes. China hopes that with stronger coordination and cooperation, the parties will deliver the outcomes of the Extraordinary Summit and inject a strong impetus into international cooperation against COVID-19 and stabilize the global economy.

—Speaking with US President Donald Trump on the phone on 27 March 2020

COVID-19 once again shows the importance and urgency of building a community with a shared future for mankind. The Extraordinary G20 Leaders’ Summit on COVID-19 sent a positive message of solidarity to combat the virus and keep the world economy stable. China will continue to work with Laos and the wider international community to secure an early victory against COVID-19. 5

—Speaking with General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Lao People’s Revolutionary Party and President Bounnhang Vorachit on the phone on 3 April 2020

II. Guided by the vision of a community with a shared future for mankind, the Chinese government has acted in an open, transparent and responsible manner. We have shared control and treatment experience with the WHO and the rest of the world without reservation, and actively engaged in international cooperation to jointly meet this common threat and challenge. We are resolved to protect the lives and health of the Chinese and other peoples across the world.

Since the start of COVID-19, China has taken rigorous prevention and control measures, released relevant information promptly, and kept the WHO and the countries and regions concerned updated about the situation. China stands ready to work with other members of the international community to effectively respond to COVID-19 and safeguard global health security.

—Speaking with French President Emmanuel Macron on the phone on 22 January 2020

The international community is following the evolving COVID-19 dynamics closely. We should actively respond to their concerns and let them know how China has fought it and the unity and resolve of the 6 Chinese people. It is important to conduct well the relevant work on the diplomatic front and maintain good communication and coordination with the WHO and relevant countries and regions. We also need to enhance information sharing and coordination on COVID-19 control to gain appreciation and support from the international community.

—Remarks at a meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee on responding to COVID-19 on 3 February 2020

The CPC and the Chinese government have a strong sense of responsibility toward its own people and the international community. We have taken the most thorough and rigorous measures possible to fight the virus, and positive momentum is building up in our response. As a nation that has gone through a lot of hard times, China has full confidence, capability and determination to win the battle against the disease. China will work more closely with Cambodia and other countries in an open and transparent way to respond effectively to the situation and uphold public health security in our region and beyond. China will take good care of all Cambodian nationals including students in China like its own, and protect their life and health.

—Meeting with Cambodian Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen on 5 February 2020

We are committed to building a community with a shared future for mankind, which means China is fulfilling its responsibility for the lives and health of its own people and for global public health. China will work more closely with Indonesia and other countries to contain the virus in an 7 open and transparent way to safeguard public health security both in our region and globally. China will continue to take good care of Indonesian and other foreign nationals in China like its own.

—Speaking with Indonesian President Joko Widodo on the phone on 11 February 2020

China is committed to building a community with a shared future for mankind, and we have the responsibility not only to protect the lives and health of our own people, but also safeguard global public health. We have made tremendous efforts. China will continue to boost cooperation with the UK and the rest of the international community in an open and transparent way.

—Speaking with UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson on the phone on 18 February 2020

Since the outbreak began, I have called for confidence, unity, science-based approach and targeted response as guidelines for China's epidemic control efforts. We have rallied the whole nation and adopted a string of unprecedented measures to contain and mitigate the epidemic and treat the sick. These extraordinary measures are delivering substantial results. We are resolute in protecting the life and health of the people of China, and of all countries around the world. We are determined to do our part to uphold global public health security.

— From a reply letter to Bill Gates on 20 February 2020

China’s response is guided by its vision that mankind is a community with a shared future. To prevent the spread of the virus, China has shared timely information with the WHO and the global community in an open, transparent and responsible way, and actively responded to various concerns, and strengthened international cooperation. China has also taken strong and effective measures to protect the health and safety of Cuban and other foreign nationals in China. Our efforts are well recognized by the WHO and the international community. China will continue to engage in cooperation with Cuba in health, medicine and COVID-19 prevention and control.

—Speaking with Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel on the phone on 28 February 2020

Solidarity is power. In the face of evolving COVID-19 dynamics, China firmly supports Europe’s fight against the disease and stands ready to help Europe win an early victory. Guided by a vision of a community with a shared future for mankind, China will step up coordination and cooperation with Europe, both bilaterally and internationally, to jointly safeguard public health security in our respective regions and across the world and protect the lives, safety and health of both our peoples and others in the world.

—Message of Sympathy over the COVID-19 situation to President of the European Council Charles Michel and President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen on 13 March 2020

As COVID-19 is breaking out in many countries around the world, it is high time that all countries responded with solidarity and cooperation. Bearing in mind that all countries are in a community with a shared future, 9 China has acted in an open, transparent and responsible manner and provided timely information on COVID-19 and share experience on containment, diagnosis and treatment with other countries. China is ready to do more to curb the spread of COVID-19 globally and will continue to provide support and assistance to Pakistan.

—Talks with Pakistani President Arif Alvi on 17 March 2020

With tremendous whole-of-nation efforts, good progress has been made in containing COVID-19 in China, and the most difficult and challenging phase of the response is now behind us. As multiple places and countries are hit by COVID-19, China stands ready to work with them and provide assistance as its ability permits. We hope that all countries will come together to turn the challenge into an opportunity and respond with openness and concrete collaboration to safeguard international public health security.

—Speaking with Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez on the phone on 17 March 2020

In the face of ferocious COVID-19, China must rise to the challenges, because at stake are not only the lives, health and safety of us Chinese, but also global public health security. Thanks to the painstaking efforts we have made, the COVID-19 situation in China is steadily turning for the better, with life and work returning to normal at a faster pace. We have confidence, capability and determination to win the final victory over COVID-19. China will work with Russia and other countries to fight COVID-19. Guided by its vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind, China will promote international cooperation against COVID-19, share experience on 10 control and medical treatment with others, and work for breakthroughs in joint research. China will work with other countries to jointly confront common threats and challenges and safeguard public health security for all.

—Speaking with Russian President Vladimir Putin on the phone on 19 March 2020

In coping with a public health crisis, which is a common challenge to humanity, the most powerful weapon we have is solidarity and cooperation. Guided by the vision that mankind is a community with a shared future, China will continue to share information and experience and work more closely with Germany on COVID-19 containment and treatment as well as vaccine development in the interest of the health and well-being of people of both China and Germany and other countries.

—Message of Sympathy over the COVID-19 situation to German Chancellor Angela Merkel in March 2020

COVID-19 is breaking out and spreading fast in a lot of places in the world. There is a pressing need for greater international cooperation. Guided by the vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind, China has been acting responsibly in the spirit of openness and transparency. We have provided timely updates of COVID-19 related information, shared with the WHO and the international community our experience of COVID-19 control and treatment without any reservation, and done our best to help others.

—Speaking with Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro on the phone on 24 March 2020

Guided by the vision of a community with a shared future for mankind, we should actively work with relevant countries and international organizations and share China’s proven practices on control and treatment as a concrete contribution to global public health security. It is imperative to advance joint research and strive for early breakthroughs in identifying the source of the virus and its means of transmission and in developing vaccines and drugs.

—Remarks at a meeting of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee on further coordinating COVID-19 control and treatment and China’s economic and social development on 27 March 2020

Since the start of COVID-19, China has acted in an open, transparent and responsible manner and provided timely updates on COVID-19 to the WHO as well as the United States and other relevant countries. China released the genome sequencing of the virus at the earliest time possible. China is sharing control and treatment experience with others without reservation; and it is doing its best to support and help countries in need. China will continue to do so and work with the international community to defeat COVID-19.

—Speaking with US President Donald Trump on the phone on 27 March 2020

Guided by the vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind, China is stepping up international cooperation in an all-round way. At the recent Extraordinary G20 Leaders’ Summit on 12 COVID-19, I put forward initiatives to enhance international cooperation on COVID-19 control and stabilize the world economy. On the basis of consolidating the gains it has made in controlling COVID-19, China is speeding up the resumption of work and production nationwide. We are overcoming difficulties to restore and enhance capacity of producing relevant medical supplies and equipment on a priority basis, and carry out strict quality supervision and control to provide medical supplies to the best of our ability to support the global fight against COVID-19.

—Speaking with Belgian King Philippe on the phone on 2 April 2020

III. True friendship will stand the test of adversity. China appreciates the valuable understanding and support of other members of the international community, and this is something we Chinese will not forget. As a nation who always reciprocates kindness, China has been supporting the global COVID-19 response as best as it can.

As the government and people of China are battling COVID-19, true friendship stands out. At this trying time, the Cambodian people are standing with the Chinese people. King Norodom Sihamoni and Queen Mother Norodom Monineath Sihanouk have expressed sympathy and support to us. Prime Minister Hun Sen, you have not only expressed your support to China on many occasions, but are also paying a special visit to China today. All this is testament to the unbreakable friendship and deep trust between the two countries. It also demonstrates our solidarity in a challenging time, which is a defining feature of China-Cambodia community with a shared future.

—Meeting with Cambodian Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen on 5 February 2020

Adversity reveals true friendship. Since the start of COVID-19, Indonesia and China’s other neighbors have provided valuable support to us in various ways. This demonstrates strong solidarity and mutual support between neighbors in trying times. We hope that all countries in our region will, while making containment efforts as called for, maintain bilateral interactions and cooperation. This serves the common interests of both sides and other countries in the region.

—Speaking with Indonesian President Joko Widodo on the phone on 11 February 2020

China appreciates the invaluable understanding and support from other members of the international community. In particular, the governments and people of Malaysia and other friendly neighbors have reached out to China and provided timely help. This is a vivid example of solidarity and mutual assistance among the countries in our region. China will work more closely with Malaysia and other ASEAN member countries in an open and transparent way to curb the spread of the virus and uphold public health security in our region. China will continue to take good care of Malaysians and all other foreign nationals in China like its own.

—Speaking with Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad on the phone on 13 February 2020

Trying times reveal true friendship. China is committed not only to 14 protecting the lives and health of its own people, but also to upholding global public health security. We Chinese are fighting COVID-19 mainly with our own efforts, but we appreciate the assistance from other members of the international community. China has been working with France and other countries in an open and transparent manner to contain the disease. China hopes to strengthen cooperation with France in the field of health and work together to ensure public health security at regional and international levels.

—Speaking with French President Emmanuel Macron on the phone on 18 February 2020

We deeply appreciate the expression of sympathy and considerable assistance and support provided by the government and people of the Republic of Korea since the start of COVID-19. China will continue to keep up contact and cooperation with the ROK and other countries in an open and transparent manner so as to jointly combat COVID-19 and promote the health and well-being of people around the world.

—Speaking with ROK President Moon Jae-in on the phone on 20 February 2020

China and Pakistan are all-weather strategic partners with a long tradition of mutual assistance. After COVID-19 broke out, Pakistan immediately expressed its support to China. It has donated valuable supplies to us despite difficulties it faces and maintained all normal exchanges with China. The National Assembly and Senate of Pakistan have both passed resolutions extending full support for China’s battle against the virus. And you are making this phone call to express sympathy for and solidarity with us. All these show that China and 15 Pakistan are true friends who stand by each other in challenging times and good brothers who share weal and woe. We will take good care of Pakistani brothers and sisters in China in the same way we treat our own citizens.

—Speaking with Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan on the phone on 20 February 2020

As the Chinese government and people are making all-out efforts to fight COVID-19, we have received valuable support and assistance from the Mongolian government and people. President Battulga, you are the first head of state to visit China since the disease broke out, and you have come to express sympathy and support to us. This shows the deep commitment of both you and Mongolia to relations with China and your tremendous goodwill toward the Chinese people. It also fully demonstrates solidarity and mutual assistance between China and Mongolia, the two neighbors, in difficult times. This is indeed most commendable.

—Talks with Mongolian President Khaltmaagiin Battulga on 27 February 2020

China and the Republic of Korea are friendly neighbors who help each other in times of difficulty. The ROK government and people have extended sympathy and provided substantial assistance to China in fighting COVID-19. In particular, you emphasized that China’s difficulties are the ROK’s difficulties. Virus knows no borders, and we countries around the world share a common stake in stopping it. The 16 Chinese government and people extend our empathy to the Republic of Korea caught in the COVID-19 situation. China will continue to do what it can to help and support the ROK’s COVID-19 response, and will work with the ROK to defeat COVID-19 as soon as possible and protect the lives, safety and health of people in both countries and across the world.

—Message of sympathy over the COVID-19 situation to ROK President Moon Jae-in in March 2020

China and Iran are comprehensive strategic partners, and our peoples enjoy a longstanding friendship. The Iranian government and people have provided sincere support and assistance to China in its effort to contain the virus. China has sent medical supplies and an expert team to Iran in support of its fight against COVID-19. China will work more closely with Iran to battle COVID-19 and help it as its ability allows. We are confident that the Iranian government and people will surely defeat the disease.

—Message of Sympathy over the COVID-19 situation to Iranian President Hassan Rouhani in March 2020

As comprehensive strategic partners, China and Serbia enjoy longstanding ironclad friendship. I deeply appreciate the concrete and strong support the Serbian government and people have extended to China’s all-out battle against COVID-19. China firmly supports Serbia’s fight against the virus and will send protective gears and medical equipment to Serbia and facilitate Serbia’s purchase of badly needed supplies from China. We will also send an expert team to help Serbia 17 more effectively contain COVID-19 and protect the health and well-being of its people.

—Message of Sympathy over the COVID-19 situation to Serbian President Aleksandar Vučić in March 2020

The Chinese people deeply appreciate the sympathy and support that the Polish government and people have extended to China since the start of COVID-19. This proves that true friendship can stand the test of adversity. China firmly supports the government and people of Poland in fighting COVID-19. At a recent video conference of health experts from China and 17 Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries, Poland included, China shared information and measures about its COVID-19 response. Guided by the vision of a community with a shared future for mankind, China will strengthen cooperation with Poland and other countries to beat the virus and safeguard global public health security.

—Speaking with Polish President Andrzej Duda on the phone on 24 March 2020

The Chinese people will never forget the sympathies and support from you, Chancellor Merkel, when China was first hit by the virus and the help we have received from the government and various sectors in Germany. We in China send our empathy to Germany as it faces the grave challenge of COVID-19. China firmly supports Germany and will continue to help where it can. Chinese and German health experts have had discussions via video links, and a German expert has visited China as a member of the WHO-China Joint Mission. China is ready to share 18 experience on COVID-19 control and treatment with Germany and strengthen cooperation on research and development of drugs and vaccines to contribute to the health and well-being of our own peoples and to global public health security.

—Speaking with German Chancellor Angela Merkel on the phone on 25 March 2020

The WHO’s vigorous efforts in promoting international cooperation against COVID-19 under your leadership have been widely recognized by the international community. China will continue to lend firm support to you and the WHO in playing an active role in leading the international cooperation against COVID-19. China is committed to the global fight against COVID-19 and has taken concrete steps. China has provided assistance to more than 80 countries as well as the WHO and other international organizations, and will continue to support the global endeavor asits ability allows.

—Reply letter to WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus on 26 March 2020

At the most difficult moment in our fight against COVID-19, China received assistance and help from a lot of members of the global community. Such expressions of friendship will always be remembered and cherished by the Chinese people.

—Speech at the Extraordinary G20 Leaders’ Summit on 26 March 2020 entitled “Working Together to Defeat the COVID-19 Outbreak”

Mr. President, I have been following closely and with concern the COVID-19 situation in the United States and have taken note of a series of control measures you have taken. It is the sincere hope of the Chinese people that the United States will contain the spread of COVID-19 at an early date and mitigate its impact on the American people. China is committed to international cooperation against COVID-19. The current situation calls for solidarity and cooperation between China and the US. Our two countries’ health authorities and experts have been in touch on the evolving global COVID-19 dynamics and our bilateral cooperation on its control and treatment. China will continue to share information and experience with the US without reservation. Some provinces, cities and businesses in China are sending medical supplies to the US. China is well aware of the current difficulties the US faces and is willing to help as its ability permits.

—Speaking with US President Donald Trump on the phone on 27 March 2020

China is grateful for your prompt message of sympathy and support and the shipment of many batches of supplies China has received from the government and various social sectors in Saudi Arabia since the onset of COVID-19. We Chinese believe in reciprocating acts of goodwill and generosity. As Saudi Arabia is also battling the virus, China will firmly support its COVID-19 efforts and assist Saudi Arabia as its ability permits. China will share its experience with Saudi Arabia and facilitate its procurement of medical supplies so as to better protect the lives and health of our two peoples and safeguard public health security in our respective regions and the world at large.

—Speaking with Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud on the phone on 27 March 2020

China will never forget the invaluable support it received from African countries at the most demanding stage of its COVID-19 response. I have been following closely the evolving COVID-19 dynamics in Africa. Despite facing its own difficulties, China has actively provided help to the African Union and African countries by sending medical supplies and organizing expert experience-sharing meetings via video link. Chinese companies and non-governmental organizations are also providing assistance to African countries. Such mutual support vividly shows that China and Africa are a community with a shared future. China will do more to help Namibia and other African countries fight the disease through experience-sharing and closer health cooperation. Together, we can prevail over COVID-19. I am confident that through this joint fight, China’s friendship with Namibia and other African countries will be further deepened.

—Speaking with Namibian President Hage Geingob on the phone on 3 April 2020

IV. Ensuring public health security is a common challenge facing mankind, and severe infectious diseases are an enemy of all of us. In response, all countries need to come together to step up all-round international cooperation and create a powerful synergy to defeat the epidemic.

The WHO plays an important role in coordinating global public health affairs, and China values its cooperation with it. China welcomes the WHO’s involvement in the disease control and has hosted a field visit to Wuhan by WHO experts. China will work with the WHO and the international community to safeguard public health security both in our region and across the world. I am convinced that the WHO and the international community will make an objective, unbiased, cool-headed and rational assessment of the situation.

—Meeting with WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus on 28 January 2020

Public health security, being a common challenge facing humanity, calls for a joint response from all countries. As COVID-19 is breaking out in many countries, we need to step up consultation with the World Health Organization, and strengthen cooperation on source tracing, drugs, vaccine development and testing with countries concerned, particularly those countries hard hit. We should, while ensuring national security, share research data and information and work with other countries to jointly develop a response strategy. We can thus contribute our approach and input to the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.

—Excerpt from an article published on the 2 March 2020 issue of Qiushi Journal entitled “Providing Strong Scientific Underpinning for Winning the Battle against COVID-19”

Recent COVID-19 emergence in multiple places and countries is disturbing and unsettling. This calls for swift international coordination and a strong global response. China is prepared to share experience with other countries and conduct joint research and development of drugs and vaccines. We are actively helping countries that are battling the spread of the disease. We support the efforts of the United Nations and the World Health Organization to step up policy coordination, mobilize more resources and, in particular, help developing countries with weak public health systems to strengthen prevention and preparedness. China has announced a $20 million donation to the WHO to bolster its COVID-19 response efforts across the world.

—Speaking with UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on the phone on 12 March 2020

We should step up international cooperation in combating COVID-19. We need to work closely with the World Health Organization, scale up efforts to analyze and forecast the global trajectory of COVID-19 dynamics, and, on that basis, adopt a more effective policy response to the risk of imported cases. We also need to strengthen exchanges and cooperation with relevant countries and continue to provide assistance as our ability allows. We need to do more to provide guidance and support to Chinese nationals overseas and take various steps to protect their lives and health.

—Remarks at a meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee on 18 March 2020

China and France both shoulder the heavy responsibility of 23 upholding public health security, both regionally and internationally. So we must work closely to advance joint research, enhance cooperation on health quarantine at borders, support the WHO in carrying out its mission, and help African countries enhance preparedness and response. These efforts will contribute to building a human health community. China is ready to work with France to enhance coordination and cooperation in the UN, the G20 and other frameworks to promote joint COVID-19 control and improve global health governance. It is important to help developing countries and other countries in need to build capacity and mitigate the impact of COVID-19 on the global economy. Cooperation is like the sunshine that can dispel the dark clouds of COVID-19.

—Speaking with French President Emmanuel Macron on the phone on 23 March 2020

Viruses know no borders or races and the only way to defeat them is for mankind to work together. It is imperative that all countries enhance cooperation with the mandate of the United Nations and the G20, and make greater efforts to share information and experience, collaborate on research, support the WHO in playing its due role and improve global health governance. Countries must also step up coordination on macro-economic policies to ensure market stability, economic growth and people’s livelihood and keep the global supply chains open, stable and secure. We are confident that when COVID-19 is behind us, China and the UK will enjoy deeper mutual understanding, more extensive consensus and broader prospects for bilateral cooperation.

—Speaking with UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson on the phone on 23 March 2020

As comprehensive strategic partners, China and Brazil need to maintain strategic commitment, support each other on issues concerning their core interests and major concerns, and jointly send to the international community a message of solidarity and a positive signal that we are in this battle together. Our two countries should also enhance pragmatic cooperation in various fields, and step up consultation and coordination within multilateral frameworks such as the G20 and BRICS so as to ensure the sound growth of China-Brazil comprehensive strategic partnership. I am confident that our two countries will ultimately defeat the virus together and elevate all-round China-Brazil cooperation to a new stage. —Speaking with Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro on the phone on 24 March 2020

Major infectious disease is the enemy of all. As we speak, the COVID-19 outbreak is spreading worldwide, posing enormous threat to life and health and bringing formidable challenge to global public health security. The situation is disturbing and unsettling. At such a moment, it is imperative for the international community to strengthen confidence, act with unity and work together in a collective response. We must comprehensively step up international cooperation and foster greater synergy so that humanity as one could win the battle against such a major infectious disease.

For that to happen, I would like to put forth four proposals.

First, we need to be resolute in fighting an all-out global war against the COVID-19 outbreak. The community of nations must move swiftly to stem the spread of the virus. In this regard, I propose that a G20 health ministers’ meeting be convened as quick as possible to improve information sharing, strengthen cooperation on drugs, vaccines and epidemic control, and cut off cross-border infections. G20 members need to jointly help developing countries with weak public health systems enhance preparedness and response. I propose a G20 COVID-19 assistance initiative for better information sharing and policy and action coordination with the support of the World Health Organization. Guided by the vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind, China will be more than ready to share our good practices, conduct joint research and development of drugs and vaccines, and provide assistance where we can to countries hit by the growing outbreak.

Second, we need to make a collective response for control and treatment at the international level. This is a virus that respects no borders. The outbreak we are battling is our common enemy. All must work together to build a strongest global network of control and treatment that the world has ever seen. China has set up its online COVID-19 knowledge center that is open to all countries. It is imperative that countries pool their strengths and speed up research and development of drugs, vaccines and testing capabilities in the hope to achieve early breakthrough to the benefit of all. Discussions are also needed regarding the establishment of regional emergency liaison mechanisms to enable quicker response to public health emergencies.

Third, we need to support international organizations in playing 26 their active roles. China supports the WHO in leading the global efforts to develop science-based and proper control and treatment and minimize cross-border spread. I call on G20 members to enhance anti-epidemic information sharing with the support of the WHO and to promote control and treatment protocols that are comprehensive, systematic and effective. The G20 platform for communication and coordination may be used to increase policy dialogue and exchange, and a high-level meeting on international public health security may be convened in due course. For China, we will be happy to join other countries and scale up support for relevant international and regional organizations.

Fourth, we need to enhance international macro-economic policy coordination. The outbreak has disrupted production and demand across the globe. Countries need to leverage and coordinate their macro policies to counteract the negative impact and prevent the world economy from falling into recession. We need to implement strong and effective fiscal and monetary policies to keep our exchange rates basically stable. We need to better coordinate financial regulation to keep global financial markets stable. We need to jointly keep the global industrial and supply chains stable. What China will do in this regard is to increase its supply of active pharmaceutical ingredients, daily necessities, and anti-epidemic and other supplies to the international market. What’s more, we also need to protect women, children, the elderly, people with disabilities and other vulnerable groups, and provide for people’s basic needs. China will continue to pursue a proactive fiscal policy and prudent monetary policy. We will continue to advance reform and opening-up, widen market access, improve the business environment, and expand imports and outbound investment to contribute to a stable world economy.

I want to call on all G20 members to take collective actions — cutting tariffs, removing barriers, and facilitating the unfettered flow of trade. Together, we can send a strong signal and restore confidence for global economic recovery. The G20 needs to draw up an action plan and promptly set up communication mechanisms and institutional arrangements for anti-epidemic macro policy coordination.

—Speech at the Extraordinary G20 Leaders’ Summit on 26 March 2020 entitled “Working Together to Defeat the COVID-19 Outbreak”

Now is a crucial moment, a time for us to rise up to challenge and act with swiftness. I am convinced that through solidarity and mutual assistance, we will prevail over this outbreak and we all will embrace a brighter future for mankind!

—Speech at the Extraordinary G20 Leaders’ Summit on 26 March 2020 entitled “Working Together to Defeat the COVID-19 Outbreak”

The China-US relations have reached an important juncture. Cooperation benefits both countries, while confrontation will turn both of us into losers. For us, cooperation is the only right choice. I hope that the US will take substantive steps to improve its relations with China and work with us to strengthen cooperation in areas such as epidemic control. In short, we should grow a relationship of no conflict or confrontation, of mutual respect and win-win cooperation.

—Speaking with US President Donald Trump on the phone on 27 March 2020

V. With prompt, decisive and forceful response measures, China has not only taken a responsible attitude toward the health of its own people but also contributed to global public health. China has made enormous sacrifices in fighting COVID-19, which is well-recognized internationally.

Under the centralized, unified leadership of the central Party leadership, the whole nation is galvanized into powerful virus response efforts. And our response is well-recognized by both the public and international media. In my meeting with WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros, he said that the high speed and massive scale of China’s response are rarely seen in the world and demonstrate the strengths of China’s system. He said that China has provided useful experience to other countries, and expressed confidence that by taking these measures, China will effectively control and eventually defeat the virus.

—Remarks at a meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee on responding to COVID-19 on 3 February 2020

China is committed to protecting the lives and health of not only its own people but also the people of other countries. With openness, transparency and a sense of responsibility, we have kept the WHO, the United States and other countries and regions concerned informed and invited WHO experts to make field visits to Wuhan. The WHO and many countries have fully recognized and highly appreciated the timely, 29 decisive and forceful measures taken by China.

—Speaking with US President Donald Trump on the phone on 7 February 2020

China has taken rigorous steps to contain the virus. Our response is not only to protect the health of its own people, it is also contributing to global public health, which is fully recognized by the WHO and countries around the world.

—Speaking with Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad on the phone on 13 February 2020

Since the start of COVID-19, the international community has been watching closely China’s response to see whether it is effective. The Chinese strength, spirit and efficiency demonstrated by the Chinese people in this fight and China’s role as a responsible major country have been highly commended by the international community. Leaders of over 170 countries and 40 international and regional organizations have expressed sympathy and support to China through phone calls, letters, and statements. The international community broadly recognizes the fact that while taking comprehensive and forceful measures to keep the situation under control, China has actively engaged in cooperation and information-sharing with the WHO and the world. It speedily shared the complete genome sequences of certain virus strains, and developed fast testing kits, all in an effort to prevent the virus from hitting more parts of the world. This represents not 30 only China’s commitment to the safety and health of its own people but also a contribution to the cause of global public health. It is also widely recognized globally that no other country can match China’s decisive and forceful measures and its outstanding leadership and ability to respond, organize, mobilize and implement. China has become a pacesetter for epidemic response.

—Remarks at a meeting on taking coordinated steps to fight COVID-19 and ensure economic and social development on 23 February 2020

China is committed to building a community with a shared future for mankind. It is making every effort not only to protect the lives and health of its own people, but also to contribute to global public health security. We have engaged in international cooperation on epidemic control in an open, transparent and responsible way. Our efforts are well recognized by the WHO and the international community. China will continue to strengthen cooperation with Mongolia and other countries to effectively contain the virus and safeguard public health security both in our region and globally.

—Talks with Mongolian President Khaltmaagiin Battulga on 27 February 2020

We should step up international cooperation in combating the virus. Over the past couple of months, I have talked with many foreign leaders on the phone, 26 phone calls with 22 leaders of countries and international organizations since 22 January, to be exact. I attended the Extraordinary G20 Leaders’ Summit yesterday. On these occasions, the leaders I talked to all recognized China’s effective efforts in quickly curbing the spread of 31 COVID-19, and they expressed readiness to intensify cooperation with China, both bilaterally and multilaterally, to respond to the virus.

—Remarks at a meeting of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee on further coordinating COVID-19 control and treatment and China’s economic and social development on 27 March 2020

The above are excerpts of President Xi Jinping’s speeches, remarks, and letters or messages of sympathy to and phone calls with leaders of other countries and international organizations on international cooperation against COVID-19 between January andApril 2020.

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